Counties & Cities > Lower Franconian Counties > Aschaffenburg City


1000 Years History

the 17th century castle, Schloss Johannisburg

With almost 70,000 inhabitants, Aschaffenburg, an administrative district in its own right, is the largest city in the lower Main area of Bavaria. Because of its mild climate it is also known as the „Bavarian Nice“ and its geographical location on the western edge of the Spessart mountain range has led to it being called the „Gateway to the Spessart“.

Founded in the 5th century by the Alemanni, it was still known as Ascaphaburc during the Middle Ages. However, the first signs of habitation date back to the Stone Age.

From the founding of the Monastery Church of St. Peter and Alexander in 957 to the secularisation in 1803, Aschaffenburg belonged to the archiepiscopal and electorate State of Mainz and served as the second residence of the archbishops. Around 1122 the settlement was fortified. In 1144 Aschaffenburg received its rights to hold markets and in 1122 its town charter. In 1803 Aschaffenburg became part of the newly founded principality of Aschaffenburg, which in 1814 was transferred to Bavaria, to which it belongs to this day.

Today, the university city offers a rich cultural life with many regular events, e.g. the City Festival, the Hamburg Fish Market, the Castle Concerts, the Aschaffenburg Fun Fair and the Schönbusch Serenades, which are just a few of the many annual events taking place. The town has a wealth of attractions which provide ideal venues for events:

• the 17th century castle, Schloss Johannisburg
• Schönbusch Park, on of Germany’s oldest landscape gardens
• the Pompejanum, a perfect copy of an ancient Roman villa
• the municipal theatre, one of southern Germany’s most beautiful classicist theatres
• the Monastery Church St. Peter and Alexander
• the modern Municipal Hall next to Johannisburg Castle with 12 hall and room units
• the Schönborner Hof, a baroque 17th century building
• the Schöntal, a downtown landscape garden
• the Fasanerie, a city park and forest
• the historic centre with its half-timbered houses
• the sun dial on Theatre Square

Whether you go to one of the cultural highlights, want to discover the city’s history with its many sights, or simply come to enjoy the city’s ambiance – Aschaffenburg is always worth a visit.

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