Counties & Cities > Middle Franconian Counties > Nuremberg City

Nuremberg (Nürnberg)

The City and its Castle

Nuremberg sunset silhuette

Albrecht Dürer HouseWeissgärbergasse in NurembergNuremberg – hearing this name, one might think of culinary specialities such as “Bratwürstchen”, (fried pork sausages), Lebkuchen (a sweet Christmas bakery), or the Christkindlmarkt, an annual Christmas market in the month of December, or one might think of the city, that the Nazis abused for their political assemblies, the “Reichsparteitag”, or of the city, where an international military court passed judgment on the members of the Nazi terrorist regime in the “Nürnberg trials.”

Others might connect this city with great figures of the history of art: Albrecht Dürer, Veit Stoß or Willibald Pirckheimer.

Whatever image you apply to Nürnberg: In reality it results in a very colourful mosaique. There is the metropolitan city of business, open to the world, with a very good infrastructure, power of innovation and with famous universities and research institutes. There is the cultural city with its museums and attractice events, the social city with model projects and institutions. There is the high standard of living, that its 500.000 inhabitants can enjoy. And there is a lively combination of different cultures, that mark this city, as well as a peaceful side by side of history and modern life.

First mentioning

NurembergNuremberg enters written history with a pleasant event: On July 16th, 1050, the emperor Henry III releases a bondsmaid called Sigena into freedom. In this document, the name “Noremberc”, which means rocky mountain, is mentioned for the first time. The castlehill of sandstone overlooks the forest region below, through which the river Pegnitz winds. The Kaiserburg (emperor`s castle) is built on it.

The city grows. The part of city, named after the church St. Sebald, is getting too small, and another Gothic church, St.Lorenz, is built on the Southern banks of the river, giving its name to the new neighborhood. A citywall, most parts of which are still standing today, surrounds the town. The city was granted more privileges in the 13th and 14thcentury by the German emperors. The emperor Charles IV in 1356 publishes a decree, called the “Goldene Bulle”, which obliges every future emperor to hold his first “Reichstag” in the city of Nürnberg.

Festivals, markets and specialities

Christmas marketFestivals and (culinary) specialities have a long tradition in Franken and Nürnberg. Each year, during the time when the asparagus is harvested, visitors may enjoy this noble vegetable at the asparagus-market. And in late summer, the oldtown-festival has another variety of these specialities.

Two million visitors from all over the world come each year to visit the famous Christkindlsmarket, for many the most beautiful Christmas market in the world.

The little ones find a huge variety of games and distraction at the Nuremberg children's christmas.

And so, when Nuremberg once again turns into Germany's Christmas town number one, it is the season for the famous “Lebkuchen”, a sweet Christmas bakery, while the “Bratwurst “ tastes good throughout the year, whether served in one of the historic guesthouses, in a beergarden, or as a take-away, called “Drei im Weckla”.

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