Counties & Cities > Lower Bavarian Counties > Straubing City

Straubing

....an experience

Straubing City TowerThe old Bavarian ducal City of Straubing is situated on the River Danube between Regensburg and Passau, and is regarded as one of the main gateways to the Bavarian Forest National Park.

Straubing was not only one of the most important centres founded by the House of Wittelsbach in the 13th century, but its history as a settlement dates back almost 8000 years - no wonder, given such fertile soil and such a favourable location near the river.

The Celts established the town "Sorviodurum", and the Romans maintained an important fort here. The town was named after the Bavarian leader Strupo, who settled here with his clan circa 500 A.D.

In 1218 Ludwig the Kelheimer finally founded the Wittelsbach town of Straubing. The royal seat of the House of Wittelsbach in Straubing reached its heyday during the era of the Duchy of Straubing-Holland from 1353-1425. Straubing remained one of the capitals and governmental centres in “Old Bavaria” (the area south of the Danube).

Numerous exhibits in the Gäuboden Museum give an insight into the town's 8000 year old history. The most sensational find in the museum is the collection of a Roman treasure, that was buried in 233 A.D. during the Alemannic invasion, not to be rediscovered until 1950 during excavation work. The treasure consists of head and face masks, leg shields, head shields for horses, bronze statuettes etc. The collection is the only one of its kind in Bavaria.

Apart from the Gäuboden Museum, Straubing has numerous other sights that are well worth a visit. First and foremost the town's most famous landmark - its 14th century tower, which divides the 600 metre long Gothic market place into two halves.

St. Peter's complex is a gem of a particular kind, it has one of the most significant graveyards in the entire German speaking area. There are six centuries of wrought-iron crosses and gravestones, a Romanic basilica (circa 1180) and three Gothic chapels. One of the chapels was built by Duke Ernst to atone for the death of the barber's daughter Agnes Bernauer from Augsburg, who, as a commoner, could not be recognized as a suitable match for his son and heir Duke Albrecht. Out of concern for the line of succession he had her condemned to death as a sorceress. She was drowned in the River Danube on 12th October 1435. In her memory the Agnes Bernauer Festival Production is staged every four years in the courtyard of the ducal residence (next June / July 2011).

Straubing Theresienplatz

Straubing has two of the most significant late Gothic hall churches (building from circa 1400) in "Old Bavaria": the extremely richly decorated Parish Church of St. James, attributed to the famous architect Hans von Burghausen, and with the colourfull Moses-window designed by Albrecht Dürer, and the Carmelite Monastery Church with its baroque alterations by Dientzenhofer. The Ursuline Convent Church built by the Asam brothers, was to be their last joint masterpiece (1736-1741); both architecture and decor combine to form this gem of late baroque, which is likewise well worth a visit.

Straubing also has a wealth of leisure activities to offer. You can do almost anything in the field of sports and recreation. The place is particularly attractive for cyclists! It is situated directly on the Danube Cycling Trail, which takes you as “Tour de Baroque” the 2,000 kilometres from Kelheim to Passau, combining the enjoyment of art with the appreciation of nature. Other places of interest for spectators are the traditional harness racing track as well as football and icehockey matches. For both younger and older visitors a trip to the adventure pool AQUAtherm or to the Zoo - the only one in Eastern Bavaria with more than 1700 animals and almost 200 species - would be the thing to do.

Video Impressions from Straubing (German)

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